EDUCATION ON GEMSTONES

  • Garnet - January - The garnet gemstone varies in shades of green, red, yellow, and orange. It is the birthstone of January. It is thought to be a symbol of sincerity, loyalty and devotion.


  • Amethyst
    February - The amethyst gemstone is a a type of quartz that varies in shades of violet. It is the birthstone of February. It is thought to be a symbol of peace, protection, and tranquility.


  • Aquamarine
    March - The aquamarine gemstone is a type of beryl that can be blue or turquoise in color. The name aquamarine was derived from the fact the color of this gemstone is similar to that of the seas. It is the birthstone of March. It is thought to be a symbol of youth, hope and health.


  • Diamond
    April - The diamond, one of the four precious gemstones, is the hardest known material on Mohs scale of mineral hardness. This means it has an extraordinary resistance to being scratched by other materials other than another diamond. Because of the durable quality of diamonds, they are popular for wedding and engagement rings. Diamonds are the birthstones of April. It is thought that diamonds are symbol of fearlessness and invincibility.


  • Emerald
    May - Considered one of the four precious gemstones, emeralds are a type of beryl which varies in shades of green. Pierre de Bourdeille, a 16th century historian, considered this simple yet beautiful product of nature to be so precious that it is sacrilege to tamper with it. It is the birthstone of May. It is thought to be a symbol of faithfulness and unchanging love.


  • Cultured Pearls
    June - Not to be mixed with pearls found in nature, cultured pearls are organically created in a controlled environment. Pearls are associated with the month of June. It is thought to symbolize chastity, modesty, and purity.


  • Ruby
    July - Considered one of the four precious gemstones, the ruby gemstone varies in colors of pink to a dark blood red. The darker in color a ruby is, the higher the value when not considering clarity and cut. It ranks third on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness right after moissanite and diamonds. It is the birthstone of July. Rubies are thought to symbolize good thoughts and rekindle desire.


  • Peridot
    August - The peridot gemstone can vary in color from yellow to a brownish green. A peridot is more valuable if the color is more of a dark and olive coloration. It is easily mistaken for emeralds. Peridot is the birthstone for August. It is thought to symbolize protection against bad dreams and fears.


  • Sapphire
    September - Well known for their bluish color, sapphires can come in a variety of colors from colorless to even black. Like a ruby gemstone, sapphires are a type of corundum. Therefore it ranks up there with the ruby on Mohs scale of mineral hardness. Sapphires can be used as a substitute for other gemstones. Sapphire is the birthstone of September. It is thought to symbolize truth, sincerity and constancy.


  • Opal
    October - The opal gemstone can come in a multitude of colors within a single stone. Certain color combinations like red against black are more valuable than others. Opal is the birthstone of October. It is thought to symbolize luck.


  • Citrine
    November - Citrine is a type of quartz whose color ranges from pale yellow to brown. Natural citrines are rare and can be imitated by heat treating other types of quartz gemstones. Citrine is one of the birthstones for November. It is thought to symbolize authority and power.


  • Tanzanite
    December - The tanzanite gemstone can consist of a variety of blue and purple hues. Due to tanzanites unique quality, it can appear in different colors of blue and purple depending on the light source. It is one of the birthstones for December. It is thought to symbolize success.


  • Topaz
    December - Topazes can come in a variety of colors like yellow, orange, blue, and brown. Pure topazes are colorless. It is the impurities that give a typical topaz its color. Topaz is one of the birthstones for December. It is thought to symbolize intellectual power.


  • Tourmaline
    Tourmaline, a semi-precious stone, comes in a wide range of colors and sometimes with dual colors. The most common colors are black or bluish black.


  • Turquoise
    Turquoise usually presents itself with a blue or blue to green color. In ancient times, it was believed to change color with the wearer's health. It was also considered a holy stone and a "gemstone of the people."


  • Alexandrite
    Alexandrite, a variety of chrysoberyl gemstones, will appear to change color depending on the ambient lighting. This event is caused by a response in the human eye when viewing the greenish stone in certain light.


  • Onyx
    Onyx is a banded gemstone that can come in a variety of color. It's name derives from a greek word meaning "fingernail." The usual color of the stone is flesh like in color and the bands make it look like a fingernail. Black Onyx is the most popular, but is not as commonly found in nature. In fact, most black onyx is artificially treated.


  • Quartz
    Quartz is one of earth's most common minerals. It's colors range from colorless to black. Amethyst and Citrine gemstones are just two of the many varieties of quartz.


  • jade
    Jade can come in a variety of colors like green, pink, or brown. In Ancient Chinese dynasties, it was used a decorative piece and was known as the "imperial gem".



Education

The more you know about jewelry, the more confident you'll feel about choosing and buying the right pieces. Above, we've provided some basic information about the gemstones and the metals that come together to create your favorite jewelry.